Show Details
:: Title :: East of Naples (Folk Music of Italy programs, episode 7)
:: Station :: BBC
:: Date :: 06-02-1955
:: Description :: An 8-part series of Italian folk music produced and hosted by Alan Lomax for the BBC's Third Programme. The recordings were made by Lomax during his Italian field trip in 1954 and early 1955; the series was compiled before his return to England in the early spring of 1955.
:: Note 1 ::T222: Neapolitan song has become identified with Italian song as a whole. It is the oldest commercial pop-song tradition extant: a nineteenth-century example with orchestra and tenor. The September festival of Piedigrotta, its ancient roots described by Petronius and Boccaccio, the villanelle tradition. Naples a European musical capital since the sixteeenth century. At its best, this music imitates folk music. These songs perpetuate the respectable stereotype of the light-hearted, gay, carefree Neapolitian and all but smothers folk traditions. The reality is privation. Hoarse street cries express the sorrows of a city that must scramble every day for a living and "where everything is scarce but the sunlight." Music of South whose inhabitants are derisively called Terroni," by Northerners. They are the decendants of the tribes who fought the Romans for three centuries and were defeated and chained to the earth, and are still resisting Rome. Saracen influences in the back hills behind the Amalfi coast. Shepherd music in Pagani -- the tarantella paganese. Muleteer south of Eboli, singing as though possessed. Bagpipes of Campania [not heard]. T222: Artisan tradition similar all over Italy. Solo and mixed male & female chorus with accordion and guitar. Puglia. Serfdom only abolished in 1808. Crack-voiced melancholy of the vineyard workers of Bari. Better-paid, unionized workers: "lift up your skirt, but don't tell your father," underlain by tension. Magical atmosphere of the megalithic Trulli landscape. Lullabies. Harvest songs. Quadriglia. Greek influences in the plain of Salento below Lecce. Music Greek Orthodox in style. Martano. Work songs. Female professional mourners in Martano. Transhumance. Polyphony. T578A A shepherd's Campagnan tarentella. Harvest song from Adrian di Conza, where women had to be recruited by the mayor because forbidden to go outside for fear of gossip. Hoarseness of women's voices. Conversational style tends to be shouted, songs solo. Polyphony from Montemarano (possible island of Slavic style?) Freedom of the women, people danced touching each other. Molise. Gargano. Land of (coastal) shepherds and (interior) woodsmen. Shepherds sing high-pitched, anguished solos, accompanied by battente guitars. Lake Verano. Archaic lullaby. Shepherd's solo love song. Spanish guitar style of Gargano. Erotic love song with double entendre. Trio of shepherds sing Byzantine influenced polyphonic love song continues into T224. T224: End of previous shepherd trio. "Pizzica" from Taranto -- the cure for the bite of the tarantula. Impoverished Lucania, land of absentee landlords, and disease, with high birth and death rates. Harvest songs, ninna nanas, and funeral laments (their similarities). Lucania's rich folk tradition disclosed by Carpitalla and Martino, who found some of the best versions of medieval ballads there. A thirteenth century ballad about the maid Frondella, who leaves her impotent husband and walks over the mountain to find the castle of her truelove, Count Ruggiero. "La Monachella" ("The False Nun") sung by female chorus. Humorous love song to donkey (with donkey noises). Satirc song of woman trying to marry off her bowlegged son. Stigliano, vocal harmony imitates bagpipes. Saltarello.
Track List
Seq No Topic Duration Media File
1 Folk songs of Campania, Molise, Puglia, and Lucania 18:35
Participants: [Lomax, Alan]
2 Folk songs of Campania, Molise, Puglia, and Lucania 15:36
Participants: [Lomax, Alan]
3 Folk songs of Campania, Molise, Puglia, and Lucania 15:32
Participants: [Lomax, Alan]
4 Folk songs of Campania, Molise, Puglia, and Lucania 18:44
Participants: [Lomax, Alan]



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