|:: Description ::
||Alan Lomax commenting on a study fllm on synchrony and coordination; dictation
|:: Project ::
|:: Date Range ::
||01-01-1970 to 12-31-1970
|:: Particpants ::
|:: Subjects ::
|Unison movement style of Circum-Pacific|
|Movement and shared rhythm coordination|
|Synchrony and spacial coordination in movement|
|Strict synchrony and directional coordination in movement|
|Overlapping movement and serial spacial coordination|
|:: Cultures ::
|:: Holdings ::
|:: Notes ::
||The film deals with four or five basic synchronic systems we have found to be important in the various regions in the world. Social unison in song is typical of the circum-Pacific in a-cephalous tribes where a chief performs a counseling role and independent operators agree to act together for the common good. The dance system in this organization demonstrates a space-focused system of coordination.
The second type, shared rhythm or beat, is not as concerned with spatial coordination as with flow of action that unites the whole group, typical of African and since it is important in Pygmy and Bushmen cultures, it may be the primal coordination type.
The third type involves a strict ordering of direction in a highly coherent use of synchrony of limbs and then a structured or complex use of spacing-direction-formation and limb coordination. This style is typical of Europe and seems to be an outgrowth of the unison style common in high latitudes and the circum-Pacific.
The fourth type, the overlapping or responsorial type, is basically Asian in its distribution. Here complementary activities, giving rise to a common result, are related in an overlapping or responsorial fashion. There is a shifting use of spacing-direction of formation bound together in a complex rhythmic pattern focused on making it possible for numbers of individuals or very large groups to take quite different roles in the accomplishment of a single goal. Not strict unison, but a complex flow of action and interaction within the group.
Comments on film clips. German May ritual in Baden; Australian group; New Hebrides; Wolof of West Africa; warlike band of Yanomamo coming to trade but ready to fight; Arabized pastoralists of the Sudan; Amerindians dancing at a Peyote pilgrimage; north Indian Pashtu; Berbers; Dogan; Kung Bushmen ostrich-mating ballet; Thai regimented drill; clockwork Turkish khaki soldiers; West European ballet; Nepal; Tribal Indian; Romanian country dance.
European passion for highly synchronized, regulated dancing. Relationship of industrial development to military tactics. Seeds of industrialism first appeared in the year-round farming system, a shifting series of crops and animals, imported into England and said by Conrad Arensburg to have stimulated the production line in the English factory.
The fourth type of social coordination reached its apogee of coordination in the Far East. I see this as originating in the hunter-fisherman's pursuit of his quarry with spear or net. This style is less preoccupied with unified direction, spacing, formation, or strict conformity to rhythm than with the flow of action or events in a serial response to a situation culminating in some overall goal. This style is suited to a heavy population. [Clip of Cambodian fishermen hauling in a net.]
Aboriginal hunters on an island in Sumatra perform an animal mime ? one action arising out its predecessor is the basis of musical organization in this area. Kalinga duel; Thai battle; Peking opera.