These recordings of oral history, play songs, blues, spirituals, and stories were made in 1948 when Alan Lomax invited Vera Hall to come from her home in Livingston, Alabama, to New York City for a concert. Vera Hall’s mother had been a slave, and Vera’s date of birth was not recorded. Her artistry and repertoire had been brought to John A. Lomax’s attention in 1937 by Ruby Pickens Tartt, a painter and folklorist from Livingston who had introduced him to Vera and her cousin, Dock Reed. The elder Lomax recorded her again in 1940, describing her as having “the loveliest voice I had ever recorded.” Alan Lomax used the oral histories of Vera Hall and Dock Reed as the basis of The Rainbow Sign (New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1959), a study of African-American spirituality. After her death in 1964, Alan Lomax said: “It is from singers like Vera Hall that all of us who love folk music in America have everything to learn. Her performances were all graced with dignity and with love. Her sense of timing and beat were perfection itself…. But all this is analysis. The mystery of Vera Hall and her art, while hinted at in the recordings we will always treasure, lies buried in the state where once the stars fell.” In 2005 Vera Hall was inducted into the Alabama Women’s Hall of Fame. More information in our Friends & Colleagues section.