:: Title :: Btaihi Rasd ad-Dil (I)
:: Genre :: amdah nabawiya, arabo-andalusian, religious song, song of praise
:: Performers & Instruments ::
Unidentified ['oud, bass (cello), clapping, drum (drums), qanun, tar, violin, vocal]
:: Group Name :: Orchestra of al-Haj Abdelkarim ar-Rais
:: Setting :: The home of Drissi family
:: Location :: Fes (Fès-Dar-Dbibegh), Fès-Boulemane (Morocco)
:: Language :: Arabic, Standard
:: Culture :: Moroccan, Arab, Arabo-Andalusian
:: Session :: Fes I 9/67
:: Date :: 9/26/1967
:: Reference Information :: T2098.0, Track 3 (00:04:52)
:: Original Format :: Reel to Reel
:: Session Notes ::
1 - Arabo-andalusian music, recorded at the Moussem Moulay Idriss in Fes. In Morocco, a moussem (ar. season) is a festival held in honor of a locally revered Sufi holy man. This moussem commemorates Moulay Idriss, the ruler of the first independent Moroccan Islamic state as well as the founder of the city of Fes in 789 CE.
2 - Arabo-andalusian music in Morocco (often called musiqa al-'ala, or 'high music') is based on the musical traditions of al-Andalus (Muslim Spain) which were brought to North Africa byJewish and Muslim refugees expelled by the Christian Reconquista in the 15th Century. Arabo-andalusian music is based on a modal system of orchestral suites called nubaat. Within the framework of the nuba there is considerable room for improvisation within the dominant musical mode. Lyrically, al-Andalus witnessed the development of new verse forms such as muwashahat and zajal in order to better fit poetic speech to song.
3 - A rectangle of 30 men, 6 violins, 2 cellos, 2 lutes, one kanoon (sic.) (zither), one frame drum, 3 little drums -all men clap and sing. Sherifa, the woman in black, gives her high lonesome cry in the background.
:: Recording Notes ::
0 - This music is from the mizan (movement) Btaihi, part of the Andalusian nuba (suite) Rasd ad-Dil. There are 11 commonly-accepted nubaat in the Moroccan repertoire, each corresponding to a different musical mode and thought to evoke a particular emotional response in the listener.
0 - 'How beautiful the sun that gives us light, there is much good medicine in the sunshine.'
:: Collection :: Morocco 1967



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