:: Title :: Calypso War (continued)
:: Genre :: calypso
:: Performers & Instruments ::
Anderson, Cecil (Duke of Iron) [vocal]
Clark, Gerald
Clark, Hi [bass (double)]
DeLeon [drum (drums)]
Felix, Gregory [clarinet]
Grant, Rupert (Lord Invader) [vocal]
MacDonald, Patrick (Macbeth the Great) [vocal]
Morris, Albert [piano]
Pacheco, Victor [fiddle]
Simeon [drum (drums)]
Unidentified [chac chac]
:: Group Name :: Gerald Clark and His Invaders
:: Setting :: Calypso At Midnight concert, Town Hall
:: Location :: Manhattan, New York City (New York), New York (United States)
:: Language :: English
:: Culture :: Trinidad, Afro-Trinidadian, Creole-Trinidadian
:: Session :: Calypso At Midnight 12/46
:: Date :: 12/21/1946
:: Reference Information :: TD227.0, Track 56 (00:02:35)
:: Original Format :: Reel to Reel
:: Session Notes ::
1 - "This concert is a fascinating document of an American presentation of Trinidadian calypso at a time when interest in the genre was spreading from New York City into the mainstream of popular music in the United States" (Donald R. Hill and John H. Cowley, Calypso At Midnight, Rounder 1840). [Source: Editor]
:: Recording Notes ::
0 - Notes from Rounder Records release "Calypso After Midnight" read: "A calypso war is a duel in song between several singers. Based on an earlier tradition, this sort of improvised calypso became popular at the turn of the century. From his first session in New York in 1927 Wilmoth Houdini began recording songs challenging his rivals in Trinidad. He was the only major New York based calypsonian before World War II, and until 1934 he monopolized the 'exchange.' From 1935, one year after island songsters began traveling regularly to New York to make records, a series of calypso wars against Houdini was recorded. Atilla, Lion, Caresser, Tiger, and Executor all contributed to this retaliation. Very few examples of more than one performer singing against another have been preserved. Alan Lomax recorded two performances in this style with the Growing Tiger and other songsters in Trinidad in 1962 (Rounder CD 1717)." [Source: Donald R. Hill and John H. Cowley]
:: Collection :: Calypso Concert 1946



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