:: Title :: Happy Land Of Canaan
:: Genre :: calypso
:: Performers & Instruments ::
Anderson, Cecil (Duke of Iron) [vocal]
Clark, Gerald
Clark, Hi [bass (double)]
DeLeon [drum (drums)]
Felix, Gregory [clarinet]
Grant, Rupert (Lord Invader) [vocal]
Morris, Albert [piano]
Pacheco, Victor [fiddle]
Simeon [drum (drums)]
Unidentified men [vocal]
:: Group Name :: Gerald Clark and His Invaders
:: Setting :: Calypso At Midnight concert, Town Hall
:: Location :: Manhattan, New York City (New York), New York (United States)
:: Language :: English
:: Culture :: Trinidad, Afro-Trinidadian, Creole-Trinidadian
:: Session :: Calypso At Midnight 12/46
:: Date :: 12/21/1946
:: Reference Information :: TD227.0, Track 20 (00:02:04)
:: Original Format :: Reel to Reel
:: Session Notes ::
1 - "This concert is a fascinating document of an American presentation of Trinidadian calypso at a time when interest in the genre was spreading from New York City into the mainstream of popular music in the United States" (Donald R. Hill and John H. Cowley, Calypso At Midnight, Rounder 1840). [Source: Editor]
:: Recording Notes ::
0 - Notes from Rounder Records release "Calypso At Midnight" read: "This is a Spiritual Baptist song. Spiritual Baptists were derisively called 'Shouters'; their faith dates from the nineteenth century and may have originated in St. Vincent, although there is evidence of related wake ceremonies in Trinidad as early as 1848. Some Spiritual Baptists combine Protestant Christian ideas with Yoruban beliefs. Many of the religious songs are adapted from Protestant hymnals such as the gospel books of Ira D. Sankey and Dwight D. Moody. The St. Vincent version of the religion spread to Trinidad, possibly in the late 1800s, and was proscribed by the British from 1917 to the 1950s. 'Happy Land of Canaan' was first recorded on May 17, 1921 for Victor by Johnny Walker, a Trinidad vaudevillian (called a comedian on the island). The vocalization by Lord Invader is termed doption by believers. Musically, it is similar to trumpeting or trumping, as it is termed in Jamaica, and is used to bring on possession. In this number, the performers mimic the experience." [Source: Donald R. Hill and John H. Cowley]
:: Collection :: Calypso Concert 1946



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